Types of Personality Disorders & the Symptoms They Display
Ten distinct mental illnesses are classified as personality disorders. These disorders involve long-term patterns of behavior and thoughts that are considered inflexible and unhealthy. While personality disorders make it difficult to deal with normal life occurrences, there are luxury personality disorder treatment facilities that help teach people with personality disorders how to manage their mental illnesses.
If you are, or someone you love is, suffering from a personality disorder and needs help, call to find a treatment center near you. We’re available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
What Are Personality Disorders?
According to MedLine Plus, a website created by the US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, a number of mental illnesses are considered personality disorders, and this group consists of mental illnesses that show a long-term pattern of emotions, behaviors and thoughts that are considered inflexible and unhealthy.
It’s common for people who have personality disorders to have trouble realizing there is a problem. To them, the way they think and behave is completely normal, and they often blame other people for their issues. Several mental illnesses are classified as personality disorders and may be treated alongside addiction as co-occurring disorders, including:
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Avoidant personality disorder
- Borderline personality disorder
- Dependent personality disorder
- Histrionic personality disorder
- Narcissistic personality disorder
- Obsessive personality disorder
- Paranoid personality disorder
- Schizoid personality disorder
- Schizotypal personality disorder
Symptoms of Antisocial and Narcissistic Personalities
People suffering from antisocial personality disorder have a long-term pattern of exploiting people, manipulating others or violating others’ rights. According to the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, the behavior of someone with antisocial personality disorder is often criminal in nature. The illness is also more common in men than in women, and it’s extremely common in people who are incarcerated. Some of the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder include:
- Ability to act witty and charming
- Disregard for safety
- Repeatedly breaking the law
- Good at flattering people and manipulating their emotions
- Frequent lying, stealing or fighting
- No display of remorse or guilt
- Substance abuse problems
- Often arrogant or angry
Like people with antisocial disorder, people with narcissistic personality disorder also tend to manipulate others in order to achieve a goal. They can be witty and charming. However, people with narcissistic personality disorder also have an inflated sense of self-importance and have a constant need for admiration. Narcissists also tend to disregard other people’s feelings and have very little ability to show empathy.
Symptoms of Borderline, Dependent and Avoidant Mental Illnesses
“…avoid being alone and taking on any type of responsibility, and are easily hurt by criticism or disapproval.”Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that causes long-term patterns of turbulent or unstable emotions that can result in chaotic relationships with people or impulsive actions. People suffering from borderline personality disorder often have an intense fear of being abandoned, frequently feel bored or empty, have trouble tolerating being alone, display inappropriate anger, and experience repeated crisis situations or self-injury.
Some of the symptoms of dependent personality disorder can be similar to borderline personality disorder. For example, people with both types of mental illnesses have difficulty coping with being alone, are overly focused on their fear of abandonment, and feel upset or useless when relationships end. However, if you have dependent personality disorder, you may also have trouble making decisions without relying on others, are typically passive in your relationships and have problems expressing yourself in a disagreement, avoid being alone and taking on any type of responsibility, and are easily hurt by criticism or disapproval.
People who suffer from avoidant personality disorder have symptoms similar to those with dependent personality disorder but they lack the fear of abandonment. However, people with avoidant personality disorder are also extremely hurt by criticism or disapproval and hold back in relationships.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
According to the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) tends to run in families, and while it can occur in both men and women, it more often occurs in men. OCPD is often confused with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). People with OCD have unwanted thoughts, while people with OCPD believe the thoughts they have are correct. Symptoms of OCD commonly appear during childhood, while symptoms of OCPD don’t appear until the late teens or early 20s. Some of the symptoms of OCPD include:
- Over-devotion to work
- Lack of flexibility
- Inability to throw objects away, even if they have little or no value
- Preoccupation with details, lists and rules
- Unwilling to show affection
- Lack of generosity
- Unwilling to allow others to do things
While talk therapy is considered an effective treatment for people with OCPD, some doctors prescribe medication to help patients deal with the anxiety and depression that often come with the disorder.
Paranoid, Schizotypal and Schizoid Mental Illnesses
People with paranoid, schizotypal and schizoid personality disorders are often extremely uncomfortable in social situations and don’t have close relationships with people — even family members. However, that’s where the similarities end. People with schizotypal personality disorder often have odd beliefs or behaviors. At the same time, they aren’t usually disconnected from reality like people who suffer from schizophrenia. It’s common for people with schizotypal personality disorder to have an odd appearance and unusual speech patterns and to inappropriately display feelings. People with paranoid personality disorder have a long-term pattern of suspicion and distrust that can eventually result in social isolation.
Choosing a Personality Disorder Recovery Program
If you believe you may have a personality disorder, call to get immediate help. Luxury personality disorder treatment facilities are here to help you learn how to cope with your illness and teach you how to lead a happy and fulfilling life.
American Addiction Centers has helped thousands recover from addiction and we can help you or your loved one too. Check your insurance to find out instantly if your insurance provider may be able to cover all or part of the cost of rehab and associated therapies. You can also sign up 24/7 text support for addiction questions at your convenience.